Nowadays, it seems like we’re drowning in all kinds of flours — from wheat to rye to Spelt, dozens of varieties could go into your bread, and then there are the different kinds of gluten-free flours too! So how do you know which flour to use when baking? What’s the difference between all those flours anyway? In this article, we’ll break down the role each one plays in the search for the perfect loaf of bread.
Whole Grain Flour
Whole grain flour is milled from the entire grain kernel, including the bran and germ. The Flour has a higher protein content than white flour, which gives it a hearty flavor and a coarser texture. It’s also packed with nutrients like fiber, iron, and B vitamins. Bread made with whole grain flour will have a denser texture and a nutty flavor. To get this bread to rise nicely, you’ll need to add more yeast or baking powder than all-purpose flour.
Some bakers swear by adding rye flour to whole wheat doughs used for dark rye bread (i.e., Russian black bread) and other types of rye and pumpernickel loaves to give them a fuller, spicier taste. It’s perfect for those who want a healthy loaf of bread but still want some sweetness since honey provides just enough sugar without the weighty heaviness of sugar. Try substituting 1/2 cup honey for 1/2 cup sugar in your favorite recipe, and see how you like it!
Malted bread has a rich malty flavor and is often ideal as a sandwich loaf. The yeast produces gas, raising the dough and giving it an open crumb. It makes a strong flavor that can be overpowering to some palates. Some people eat malted bread with cream cheese, butter, and sugar as a sweet breakfast treat. For a lighter loaf, use it as a small portion of your dough.
Add honey to balance out the flavors if you want something sweeter. It’s an excellent choice for adding to other flours, such as rye or wheat. However, this flour can be challenging to find at grocery stores because it’s primarily available from specialty suppliers.
Stone Ground Whole Wheat
Many different types of flour are available to bakers, but one of the most popular is stone ground whole wheat. The flour is a product of grinding entire wheat berries into a fine powder. The resulting flour has a coarser texture than other flour types, giving it a unique flavor and baking properties. Stone ground whole wheat flour is suitable in bread recipes that call for a rustic or hearty loaf.
Strong white flour is a staple ingredient and one of the best choices for baking loaves with a hard crust, especially those destined for grilling, frying, or baking. It has a low protein content, so it is not as strong as other types of flour. It’s a traditional favorite because it works well with recipes that call for yeast, sugar, eggs, butter, milk, and salt. For example, baguettes!
The white flour will give you excellent quality and an efficient loaf of bread. Sometimes you can use it on its own to create a classic crusty French loaf like baguette de tradition française. It is great for pizza dough which needs strength and elasticity due to the rising and stretching while being cooked on top of a stone at high temperatures.
Spelt-floor is a type of flour usually mixed with all-purpose flour because it is high in protein. It has a nutty flavor, so it’s best to use this type of flour if you want something different. Whether multipurpose Spelt flour, wholegrain Spelt flour, or dark rye Spelt flour, these flours have many uses. You can use them as an ingredient in bread, pastries, or cereal.
They work well for making healthier bread and pastries but can be challenging to find at your local grocery store. If you decide to make bread with these flours, be sure not to over-knead them as they will produce denser dough than other kinds of flour. They have quality bread with a light texture, making them a good choice for anyone with sensitivities or allergies to gluten.
For a healthier bread recipe, try substituting all-purpose flour with high-fiber flour. High-fiber flour comes from whole grains, such as wheat, corn, rye, oats, barley, and more. It provides more nutrients than all-purpose flour does. Be sure to use this flour when baking bread because it will make a massive difference in your health and the taste of your loaf.
One thing to remember is that the consistency will be different so you might need less liquid or more yeast, depending on your needs. Also, be aware that not all types of high-fiber flour are gluten-free, so read labels carefully before buying them!
Many types of flour are available to bakers, each with unique characteristics. The type of flour you use will have a significant impact on the flavor, texture, and appearance of your bread. So, when searching for the perfect loaf of bread, experiment with different types of flour until you find the one that’s just right for you. If you so desire, you can use flour blends instead of a single-grain variety, but note how this affects your final product again.